Accommodations: Changes in the way the assessment is administered or the way in which a student with special education needs responds to the assessment’s components. Accommodations do not alter the content of the assessment nor affect it’s validity or reliability.

Exemptions: Decisions regarding students who are unable to participate in the assessment even with accommodations.

Modifications: Changes to the content of the assessment. These are not permitted because they affect the validity and reliability of the assessment.

Scribe: An individual who supports the accommodations the student receives on a regular basis for all forms of assessment by recording student verbatim responses. Scribes must be adults and must not be relatives of the students they are assisting. Scribes should only work with students who have been identified as receiving this accommodation, and scribes should not scribe for any other students.

Special Circumstance: A circumstance where a student is unable to participate in the assessment without accommodations.

Updated on March 7, 2022